The **longitude** of any point P is the **angle** at which its meridian cuts the equator. It is measured from 0° to 180° east of Greenwich, or from 0° to 180° west of it (sometimes marked 0° to -180°). -- The Americas (north and south) are often called "the Western Hemisphere. 60 seconds. Q. The diagram below represents a view of Earth from above the North Pole. Points A and B represent locations on Earth's surface. Locations A and B have the same. answer choices. **latitude** **and** local time. **latitude** **and** elevation. **longitude** **and** local time.

ICAO format is similar, but it doesn't include the 7" **between** the **latitude** **and** **longitude**, but requires the hemispheric characters. Filing for a lat/long: sometimes just knowing the preferred route isn't enough. Entering data into the **angle between** vectors . Please note that a rhombus having four right **angles** is actually a square. ... Here is the formula to find the second point, when first point, bearing and distance is known: **latitude** of second point = la2 = asin (sin la1 * cos Ad + cos la1 * sin Ad * cos θ), **and. longitude** of second point = lo2.

title=Explore this page aria-label="Show more">. I am having a hard time trying to calculate the distance in miles **between latitude**/**longitude** coordinates. I have 1 datapoint where I would like to calculate the distance of the other coordinates from that 1 datapoint. ... As Heading is defined as the **angle between** the pretended path and the meridians, Loxodrome allows for navigation at constant.

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1. **Latitude** is measured in degrees, beginning at the equator and going up to 90°N or S. 2. **Longitude** is also measured in degrees, but it begins at the Prime Meridian (0°). 3. The distance **between** two points on a map using **latitude** can be found by multiplying the degree of **latitude** with the cosine of half-**latitude**. 4. Because the Earth rotates around its poles, and because there is a star in the northern hemisphere where the pole is, it is possible to determine your **latitude** by knowing the **angle** **between** the pole star and the horizon. This was done via a sextant which was a device that could measure **angles**. If you add to this the use of a compass, you could. Convert **latitude** **and** **longitude** coordinates **between** decimal degrees and degrees, minutes, seconds. Decimal Degrees (ex. 23.457) **Latitude** : **Longitude** Degrees Minutes Seconds Direction; **Latitude** **Longitude** Degrees Decimal Minutes Direction; **Latitude**: **Longitude**: Written by Dan Bailey at Data Design Group, Inc. The **latitude** has the symbol of phi, and it shows the **angle** **between** the straight line in the certain point and the equatorial plane. The **latitude** is specified by degrees, starting from 0° and ending up with 90° to both sides of the equator, making **latitude** Northern and Southern. The equator is the line with 0° **latitude**.

Lines of **longitude** are meridians and can be designated by the **angle** they make with a designated meridian of origin, a "prime meridian." There are many different kinds of **latitude**. They are best discussed in a context where an ellipsoidal model of the earth is given, such as the WGS84 or GRS80 ellipsoids. The **latitude** depends on the reference. The calculation of the **angle** can be divided into the following two steps: // **lat**, lng are the **latitude** and **longitude** expressed in radians, and r is the radius of the earth. Since it is an included **angle**, the value of r is not important function ball2xyz(**lat**, lng, r = 6400) { return { x: r * Math.cos (**lat**) * Math.cos (lng), y: r * Math.cos (**lat**.

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public class LatLon extends java.lang.Object. Represents a point on the two-dimensional surface of a globe. **Latitude** is the degrees North and ranges **between** [-90, 90], while **longitude** refers to degrees East, and ranges **between** (-180, 180]. Instances of LatLon are immutable.

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The **latitude** has the symbol of phi, and it shows the **angle between** the straight line in the certain point and the equatorial plane. The **latitude** is specified by degrees, starting from 0° and ending up with 90° to both sides of the equator, making **latitude** Northern and Southern. The equator is the line with 0° **latitude**.

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**Latitude** is positive in the northern hemisphere, reaching a limit of +90° at the north pole, and negative in the southern hemisphere, reaching a limit of -90° at the south pole. Lines of constant **latitude** are called parallels. **Longitude** is the **angle** at the center of the planet **between** two planes that align with and intersect along the axis of. A degree of **longitude** is widest at the equator with a distance of 69.172 miles (111.321 kilometers). The distance gradually shrinks to zero as they meet at the poles. At 40 degrees north or south, the distance **between** a degree of **longitude** is 53 miles (85 kilometers). The line at 40 degrees north runs through the middle of the United States and. **Longitude** has a direction from the north to the south. On the flip side, the **latitude** has a direction from the east to the west. **Longitude** range **between** 0 to 180° East and West, while the range of **latitude** is from 0 to 90° North and South. **Longitude** is denoted by a Greek letter lambda (λ) but, the **latitude** is denoted by a Greek letter phi (Φ). Because the Earth rotates around its poles, and because there is a star in the northern hemisphere where the pole is, it is possible to determine your **latitude** by knowing the **angle** **between** the pole star and the horizon. This was done via a sextant which was a device that could measure **angles**. If you add to this the use of a compass, you could.

· The **latitude** of the observer is given by the **angle** f **between** the equator and a vertical line through the observer's station, the **angle** being measured in the plane of the meridian · Figure 10.8 represents a section of the celestial sphere through the celestial poles and the observer's zenith. 1) The first line is **between** a point on the earth which is defined by **longitude** **and** **latitude** **and** the center of the sun. 2) The second line is **between** a point on the earth which is defined by **longitude** **and** **latitude** **and** the surface on the moon with the smalles distance from the earth. I have no idea how I should start there. Any hints?. What is the **angle between latitude and longitude** lines? Drag point A to see that a **longitude** and **latitude** line meet at a 90 degree **angle**. What is the **latitude angle**? **Latitude** is an **angle** (defined below) which ranges from 0° at the Equator to 90° (North or South) at the poles. Lines of constant **latitude**, or parallels, run east–west as. The detic **latitude** (i.e., **angle** **between** the detic subpoint's surface normal vector and the XY plane.). Lon: **Longitude**: Real Number or Text: The detic **longitude** (i.e., **angle** from the X-axis locating the projection of the detic subpoint's surface normal vector onto the XY plane.) **Longitude** increases in the direction found using the right-hand.

The Earth's Coordinate System (**Latitude** **and** **Longitude**) The first step in converting the information contained in the real-world onto a 'piece of paper' was to devise a system where everything could be uniquely located in the world. Very early maps (which usually showed small local or regional areas) used a grid technique which relied on.

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A **longitude** is an **angle** from the prime merdian, measured to the east (longitudes to the west are negative). Latitudes measure an **angle** up from the equator (latitudes to the south are negative). Figure 1. With an **angle** of **longitude** and an **angle** of **latitude**, we can locate any point on the surface of the earth. Two **angles**, **latitude** **and** **longitude**, specify the position of a point on the surface of a planet. These **angles** can be in degrees or radians; however, degrees are far more common in geographic notation. **Latitude** is the **angle** **between** the plane of the equator and a line connecting the point in question to the planet's rotational axis.. A **longitude** is an **angle** from the prime merdian, measured to the east (**longitudes** to the west are negative). **Latitudes** measure an **angle** up from the equator (**latitudes** to the south are negative). Figure 1. With an **angle** of **longitude** **and** an **angle** of **latitude**, we can locate any point on the surface of the earth. Merdians and Parallels.

The **angle between** this line and equator plane is the measure of the **latitude** of point P. **Latitude** varies from 0° to 90° North or South. Parallel: The parallel is a line connecting all points of the same **latitude**. It is called so because it is parallel to all other lines of **Latitude**. 0° Parallel – Equator. 90° North – the North Pole. 90.

The zenith **angle** is the **angle** **between** the sun and the vertical. The zenith **angle** is similar to the elevation **angle** but it is measured from the vertical rather than from the horizontal, thus making the zenith. Z e n i t h = 90 ° − α. Where α is the elevation **angle**. Note that your input parameters are going to be:. Simon Bridge said: That's a contradiction. in a vector field, a vector is assigned to each point in space. However, each point in that space can be pointed to by a vector which, in 3D, must have three components. The two **angles** you are calling "specified" with R, are the extra two components of the vector. Serle's Ruler. The hour scale is laid out **between** the noon hour and the 6pm hour lines as shown in Figure 2 of the Maryland dial above. The **latitude** scale is used to measure the distance from the gnomon foot to the intersection point of the hour line scale.Lastly, one more simple check of your sundial. If you draw a line **between** the 6am and 6pm. Ecliptic **latitude** **and** **longitude** are defined for the planets, stars, and other celestial bodies in a broadly similar way to that in which terrestrial **latitude** **and** **longitude** are defined, but there is a special difference. ... The astronomical **latitude** (Φ) is defined as the **angle** **between** the equatorial plane and the true vertical at a point on. ICAO format is similar, but it doesn't include the 7" **between** the **latitude** **and** **longitude**, but requires the hemispheric characters. Filing for a lat/long: sometimes just knowing the preferred route isn't enough.

The **angle between** this line and equator plane is the measure of the **latitude** of point P. **Latitude** varies from 0° to 90° North or South. Parallel: The parallel is a line connecting all points of the same **latitude**. It is called so because it is parallel to all other lines of **Latitude**. 0° Parallel – Equator. 90° North – the North Pole. 90.

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Based on the **latitude** in which we live, the maximum and minimum annual altitude of the sun at midday also changes. As can be seen from the figure below (map credit: Mapsofworld.com), the **latitude** of Continental United States is **between** about 49° North (Alaska excluded), up to just over 26° South (Texas). To know the altitude of the Sun during. Solar **Angles** Solar **angles** are solely dependent upon the location (**latitude** **and** **longitude**) **and** time. Thus, it is straightforward to calculate solar **angles**. The hour **angle** (h) is defined as the **longitude** of the sun, which is calculated as: 12 where t is the frational GMT time (e.g., for hh:mm:ss then t = hh + mm/60. + ss/3600.) Solar zenith **angle**. **Latitude** of a point is the **angle** **between** the planetary equator (normal to the \(z\)-axis and through the center of mass) and normal to the reference surface at the point. The height of a point is specified as the distance above a point with the same **longitude** **and** **latitude** on the reference surface. **Latitude** -When looking at a globe, lines of **latitude** appear horizontal and travel around the globe in an East/West or West/East direction.In other words, knowing the **latitude** would enable an observer to tell his position relative to the North and South Pole. 1 Finding **latitude** presented fewer technical and mathematical challenges than calculating **longitude**. 2 Using the equator as a reference.

**Latitude** is an **angle** **between** 0° at the Equator and 90° at the poles (North or South). **Longitude** is a geographic coordinate that specifies a point's east-west position on the surface of the Earth, or a celestial body's surface. It is an angular measurement that is usually expressed in degrees and denoted by the Greek letter lambda. TypeScript answers related to “formula calculating distance coordinates **latitude longitude** c#” distance **between** two **lat** long points google maps api; calculate distance **between** two **latitude longitude** points in google maps api. .

Meridian : are line, at right **angle** parallel through the poles. **Longitude** of a place, is an angular distance of east or west of the Greenwich meridian measured at the center of the earth, there are 180° of east **longitude** **and** 180° of west **longitude**. ... The lines of **longitude** along with the lines of **latitude** are used to determine the exact.

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Both **longitude** and **latitude** are **angles** measured with the center of the earth as an origin. A **longitude** is an **angle** from the prime merdian, measured to the east (longitudes to the west are negative). Latitudes measure an **angle** up from the equator (latitudes to the south are negative). The geographical **latitude** is the **angle between** the normal to the ellipsoid passing through the point of interest and the Equatorial plane (figure below). Besides geographical **longitude** and **latitude**, every point on the Earth has a third coordinate - height above ellipsoid (h). Complex terrain causes it to be different for various land locations.

The Earth's Coordinate System (**Latitude** **and** **Longitude**) The first step in converting the information contained in the real-world onto a 'piece of paper' was to devise a system where everything could be uniquely located in the world. Very early maps (which usually showed small local or regional areas) used a grid technique which relied on. If the satellite is travelling from apogee to perigee, the **angle** **between** the and vectors is **between** 90 and 180 degrees and is negative, hence sin is also negative. ... In the figure above, argument of **latitude** is about 25 degrees. **Longitude** of Perigee. A **longitude** is an **angle** from the prime merdian, measured to the east (**longitudes** to the west are negative). **Latitudes** measure an **angle** up from the equator (**latitudes** to the south are negative). Figure 1. With an **angle** of **longitude** **and** an **angle** of **latitude**, we can locate any point on the surface of the earth. Merdians and Parallels. See answer (1) Best Answer. Copy. **Longitude** measures the east-west **angle** **between** your location and the Prime Meridian. **Latitude** measures the north-south **angle** **between** your location and the equator. The strategy is to determine the **angle** \theta in terms of the **latitude** **and** **longitude** of the two points. Drop a vertical line from each point P and Q to b and c on the equatorial plane. The vector position of P is the sum of the two vectors: \mathbf{P}=\mathbf{r}_{O B}+\mathbf{r}_{B P}.

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A **longitude** is an **angle** from the prime merdian, measured to the east (**longitudes** to the west are negative). **Latitudes** measure an **angle** up from the equator (**latitudes** to the south are negative). What is **latitude** give an example? **Latitude** tells you where you are **between** the North Pole and the South Pole. The equator is zero degrees, the North. Naqif: I'm using **latitude** **and** **longitude** so I think a ground distance. Because I'm trying to get an ETA for a bus from departure place to arrival place. Getting a distance **between** two points on a graph is simple geometry. You have a distance in the x direction, and a distance in the y direction and that makes a right **angle**. If the satellite is travelling from apogee to perigee, the **angle** **between** the and vectors is **between** 90 and 180 degrees and is negative, hence sin is also negative. ... In the figure above, argument of **latitude** is about 25 degrees. **Longitude** of Perigee. **Longitude** **angles** may also be assigned positive values for the eastern hemisphere and negative values for western hemisphere. Similar to **latitude**, **longitude** is the **angle**; a point being at 122° **longitude** refers to the horizontal **angle** of 122° **between** the line connecting the point to the center of the earth and the prime meridian's plane. The calculation of the **angle** can be divided into the following two steps: // **lat**, lng are the **latitude** and **longitude** expressed in radians, and r is the radius of the earth. Since it is an included **angle**, the value of r is not important function ball2xyz(**lat**, lng, r = 6400) { return { x: r * Math.cos (**lat**) * Math.cos (lng), y: r * Math.cos (**lat**.

The **angle** of **latitude** is determined as the **angle** **between** a transverse plane cutting through Earth ' s equator and the right **angle** (90 °) of the polar axis. The distance **between** lines of **latitude** remains constant. One degree of **latitude** equals 60 nautical miles (approximately 69 statute miles, or 111 km). public class LatLon extends java.lang.Object. Represents a point on the two-dimensional surface of a globe. **Latitude** is the degrees North and ranges **between** [-90, 90], while **longitude** refers to degrees East, and ranges **between** (-180, 180]. Instances of LatLon are immutable. At some point, before you can stop traveling Northeast and start traveling Southeast, you have to travel due East. The **latitude** this happens at matches the **angle** **between** your two planes. In other words, the **angle** you get from your dot product is the Northernmost **latitude**. Nov 6, 2004. #5.

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The **latitude** has the symbol of phi, and it shows the **angle between** the straight line in the certain point and the equatorial plane. The **latitude** is specified by degrees, starting from 0° and ending up with 90° to both sides of the equator, making **latitude** Northern and Southern. The equator is the line with 0° **latitude**. 3. Read and record the **latitude** **and** **longitude** for the southeast corner of the small quadrangle drawn in step two. The **latitude** **and** **longitude** are printed at the edges of the map. 4. To determine the increment of **latitude** above the **latitude** line recorded in step 3: •Position the map so that you face its west edge;. See answer (1) Best Answer. Copy. **Longitude** measures the east-west **angle** **between** your location and the Prime Meridian. **Latitude** measures the north-south **angle** **between** your location and the equator. The **angle** ranges from 0 degrees at the Equator to 90 degrees (North or South) at the poles. The lines of **latitude** get shorter as they get closer to the poles due to the decrease in the circumference of the Earth. ... Based on the above information, some of the key differences **between** **latitude** **and** **longitude** are as follows: **Longitude** **Latitude**;. A geographic coordinate that indicates the north-south position of a point on the Earth's surface is known as **latitude**. The term "**latitude**" refers to an **angle** that extends from 0° at the Equator to 90° (North or South) at the poles. As circles parallel to the equator, parallels or lines of constant **latitude** run east-west. The terminology.

Convert **Latitude and Longitude** to Decimal Degrees in Excel. Everything, including something as complicated as degrees, minutes, and seconds, can be converted into decimals. The degrees part remains the same, but minutes and seconds need to be converted into their percentage of a degree and combined. There are 60 minutes in a degree and 60. **Longitude** are lines that run north-south and mark the position east-west of a point. Therefore, **latitude** is the angular distance east or west of the Prime Meridian. Lines of **longitude** run from pole to pole, crossing the equator at right **angles**. All lines of **longitude** are equal in length. Each line of **longitude** also is one half of a great circle.

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Angular distance north and south of the equator is defined by **latitude**, conversely **longitude** specifies angular distance east and west of an arbitrarily defined zero line of **longitude**, called the Prime Meridian, running through Greenwich, England, which has **latitude** and **longitude** of 51.483, 0 (i.e. N 51° 29', W 0°). Then the ellipsoidal **angle** can be the subtraction **between** both initial azimuths. - Gabriel De Luca. Dec 16, 2019 at 23:23. 1. ... Browse other questions tagged python **latitude**-**longitude** **angles** or ask your own question. The Overflow Blog Automate the boring parts of your job. From the description: It requires the use of SoftwareSerial, and assumes that you have a 4800-baud serial GPS device hooked up on pins 4(rx) and 3(tx).

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. Calculating the bearing **between** two **Latitude**/**Longitude** points Hi, Just wondering if anyone can help me. I've got two sets of co-ordinates and need to find the bearing **between** them. ... *180/PI()+180 will give you the **angle** in degrees. Edit: I made a correction to move from -180->180 to 0->360... North1,East1 are your reference coordinates. Key takeaways. Positioning your solar panels on a roof facing true south, and at a tilt **between** 30 and 45 degrees, will yield the best results in terms of energy production and savings. Solar panels produce the most electricity when placed exactly perpendicular to the sun: in many cases this **angle** equals the **latitude** at which you live. AHMED ELEMAM 2020-10-25 19:35:57. UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator) coordinate system is basically geographical **latitude** **longitude** system that is expressed in two-dimensional projection of the surface of earth where the earth map is divided into 60 zones, with each of them separated by 6 degrees in **longitude** **and** the locations are expressed in terms of so called easting and northing, i.e. **Latitude** is an **angle** **between** 0° at the Equator and 90° at the poles (North or South). **Longitude** is a geographic coordinate that specifies a point's east-west position on the surface of the Earth, or a celestial body's surface. It is an angular measurement that is usually expressed in degrees and denoted by the Greek letter lambda.

la formule générale pour calculer l'angle (relèvement) entre deux points est la suivante: θ = atan2 ( sin (Δ long )* cos (lat2), cos (lat1)* sin (lat2) − sin (lat1)* cos (lat2)* cos (Δ long )) Notez que l'angle (θ) doivent être convertis en radians avant d'utiliser cette formule et Δlong = long2-long1. atan2 est une fonction commune. Lines of **latitude** are parallel to the equator and are equally spaced. Think of the Equator as the X bar on an XY graph. Much like on a graph, you will find positive 90 degrees of **latitude** above the equator (north) and negative 90 degrees of **latitude** below the equator (south). **Longitude** is a specific set of locations on the north-south.

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Entering data into the **angle between** vectors . Please note that a rhombus having four right **angles** is actually a square. ... Here is the formula to find the second point, when first point, bearing and distance is known: **latitude** of second point = la2 = asin (sin la1 * cos Ad + cos la1 * sin Ad * cos θ), **and. longitude** of second point = lo2. A **longitude** is an **angle** from the prime merdian, measured to the east (**longitudes** to the west are negative). **Latitudes** measure an **angle** up from the equator (**latitudes** to the south are negative). What is **latitude** give an example? **Latitude** tells you where you are **between** the North Pole and the South Pole. The equator is zero degrees, the North. Once I did, I saw my location's **latitude** **and** **longitude** coordinates at the bottom of the map. The first number is my **latitude**. According to Google Maps, my **latitude** is 33.7°. Thus, using these rules of thumb: My optimal year-round tilt **angle**: 33.7° My optimal tilt **angles** by season: Spring: 33.7° Summer: 18.7° Fall: 33.7° Winter: 48.7°. I am having a hard time trying to calculate the distance in miles **between latitude**/**longitude** coordinates. I have 1 datapoint where I would like to calculate the distance of the other coordinates from that 1 datapoint. ... As Heading is defined as the **angle between** the pretended path and the meridians, Loxodrome allows for navigation at constant. (**and** time corresponding to 12:00 noon, Eastern Standard Time)The table below gives the **latitude** **and** **longitude** of dozens of U.S. and Canadian cities. For more U.S. locations including cities, towns, parks and more, use the Find **Latitude** **and** **Longitude** tool.See also **Latitude** **and** **Longitude** of World Cities. Lat. n.

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**Be intellectually competitive.**The key to research is to assimilate as much data as possible in order to be to the first to sense a major change.**Make good decisions even with incomplete information.**You will never have all the information you need. What matters is what you do with the information you have.**Always trust your intuition**, which resembles a hidden supercomputer in the mind. It can help you do the right thing at the right time if you give it a chance.**Don't make small investments.**If you're going to put money at risk, make sure the reward is high enough to justify the time and effort you put into the investment decision.

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If the satellite is travelling from apogee to perigee, the **angle** **between** the and vectors is **between** 90 and 180 degrees and is negative, hence sin is also negative. ... In the figure above, argument of **latitude** is about 25 degrees. **Longitude** of Perigee. **Latitude** position.- The inclination **angle** i, the **angle** **between** the orbit plane and the equatorial plane (fig. 2(a)), is fixed at the instant of burnout by the **latitude** _l and azimuth #l" If the equations for a right spherical triangle are applied to the triangle bounded by the equa-. For example imagine that we are aiming a dish at a satellite Identify at least 20 signs and symbols used on topographic maps **Lat**; var azimuth = (Math Robert Harbison Biography A geographic distance and azimuth calculation library for PHP You can calculate the distance **between** two or more points on the map You can calculate the distance **between**.

If you do not know the **longitude** **and** **latitude**, use Lookup **Latitude** / **Longitude** in the box to the right of the calculator ... Declination: The **angle** of difference **between** true North and magnetic North. For instance, if the declination at a certain point were 10° W, then a compass at that location pointing north (magnetic) would actually align. Simon Bridge said: That's a contradiction. in a vector field, a vector is assigned to each point in space. However, each point in that space can be pointed to by a vector which, in 3D, must have three components. The two **angles** you are calling "specified" with R, are the extra two components of the vector.

Taken together with **longitude**, **latitude** can be used to specifically locate a position on earth. The equator is considered as the zero **latitude** (i.e. 0° ). The North Pole has the **latitude** +90° and the South Pole has -90°. ... Geocentric **latitude** is the **angle** **between** the equator and the radius of a point on the surface.

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longitudeandlatitudeand, locally, the LOP's are lines. Two equations for celestial observations Where Hc = height (after corrections for refraction) d = declination of object L =latitudeZ=zenithanglet = hourangle(anglebetweenmeridian and star's "longitude") (LHA).Latitudeandlongitudetogether with some specification of height constitute a geographic coordinate system as defined in the specification of the ISO 19111 standard. ... The geocentriclatitudeis theanglebetweenthe equatorial plane and the radius from the centre to a point of interest. Here that would be theangle(90 o - λ)betweenOP and the Earth's axis, known as the co-latitudeof P.] On a globe of the Earth, lines oflatitudeare circles of different size. The longest is the equator, whoselatitudeis zero, while at the poles--at latitudes 90 o north and 90 o south (or -90 o ) the circles shrink to a point.